Healthway Medical Group

Breast Examination

Why is breast examination important and what are the types of breast examination?

Breast cancer is the most common cancer among women in Singapore. All women are at risk of breast cancer, and the risk increases with age.

Although breast cancer symptoms vary widely, many breast cancers have no obvious symptoms at all. Thus, it is important to go for regular mammograms to detect breast cancer early. Performing a monthly breast self-examination also keeps you aware of any changes to your breasts. The earlier breast cancer is detected and diagnosed, the higher your chances of successful treatment.


When should you examine your breast?

The type and frequency of breast examinations differ depending on your age. The table below shows the recommended breast examinations based on your age. 

Age 20 to 39 years old 40 to 49 years old 50 years old and above

Mammogram Screening


Once a year

Once every 2 years

Breast Self-examination

Once a month
Once a month
Once a month

What are the steps for breast self-examination?

Here are 3 simple steps you can take to do monthly breast self-examination.

Step 1: Put your hands on your hips and turn slowly from side to side and look for changes in

  • Size or shape of breasts
  • Nipples
  • Appearance of skin

Step 2: Touch and feel your breast using your middle three fingers, moving in a circular motion from outer area towards the nipple. Gently squeeze your nipple to check for any discharge.

Repeat this step for your other breast.

Step 3: Check for lumps by examining your entire breast from your armpit to your cleavage with different pressure.

Repeat this step for your other breast. 

Early detection and treatment of breast cancer can significantly improve outcomes and chances of survival. Book your mammogram screening today!